Early Inca: 1200-1438

1. Manco Cápac (Eterno poderoso)

Manco Capac (Quechua: Manqu Qhapaq, "the royal founder"), also known as Manco Inca or Ayar Manco was the first governor and founder of the Inca civilization in Cusco. He is also a main figure of Inca mythology, being the protagonist of the two legends about the origin of the Inca, both of them connecting him to the foundation of Cusco.
His main wife was Mama Uqllu, mother of his son and successor Sinchi Ruqa. His name is mentioned in several chronicles, but his actual existence remains unclear.

de Manqo : rico, poderossos, honrrado
Qhacpaq: cimiento, base, raiz

Laws were an important part of all the historical order from the inca empire and history.

Manco Capac claimed to be the Son of Inti (the son of the sun) and told his sons to pass on to all generations the religion given from the Inti.

The story goes like this:
"The Sun God felt sorry for the people on the Earth, and he decided to send his two children here to educate the humans to learn how to create a culture of their own. So Inti sent his son Manco Capac and his daughter Mama Ocllo to the Lake Titicaca, where they rose from the water like gods in the bodies of humans. They married and founded the Inca city of Cuzco, "the navel of the world".

2. Sinchi Roca: (hombre de mucho caracter)

Sinchi Roca

de Sinchi: demasiado,
Roq’a: amargo, fuerte.

Even if he had this name, we know nothing about him. Because of this the Inkas made up some myths to follow his name, so he could be remembered with honor, not shame.

In all versions passed down, he is described as peaceful, and not a warrior. But to give him a honorable place in the history, he is given the honor of expanding the empire, but to were or how much is not known.

(Sinchi is really the title of a  "chief" of the town, and Capac is the title of a warlord.)

3. Lloque Llupanqui (Contador, estadista, brujo)

Lloque Yupanqui
de Lloq’e :surdo, izquierdo
Yupanqui :estadista, contador

There is very little to be said about this character too.

In some deliveries they have given him the honor for deeds which other inkas did long time after his death. They tell little about him, mainly because they didnt know anything about him, and what is told, is mythical and dimmy. As Roca, he is also given honors of deeds to make him "count" as a honorable inca.

4. Mayta Capac (cuán poderoso)
de Mayta :cuán, cuánto
Qhapaq: rico, poderoso

The myths is like for Inca number 2 and 3. Beside of that the myth tells that he was a good sportsman at the age of two years old, and was born with all his teeth in his mouth.


5. Capac Yupanqui (rico, poderoso, estadista)
de Qhapaq ; rico, poderoso
Yupanki ; estadista

Seem to be the first Inca who went outside the city area of Cuzco to conquer other tribes and land. He is also absolutely impossible to trace as a real person in history, but at least they have given him the honor of being the first to conquer something outside the area.

We can see that the first five Incas are impossible to place in history, and they all flow into the dimmy times of mystic and myth.

But one thing is common: Their names are later used as titles of following rulers:

SINCHI : title of a chief over a smaller town, or pueblo society.

CAPAC: Title of a great warlord and chief over a big wartribe or similar.

As we know, the title Inca is not used before later in history, and the titles is often given later to the history to make it "balance" as like the deeds and honorable things many of the first Incas has been given the honor for, much later, and really done by historical persons that we know existed.

6. Inca Roca (Rey fuerte de caracter)
de Roq’a :amargo, fuerte

Inca : From here the title INCA definitively is in use, but the titles are added around 1438.

7. Yahuar Huaca (El que llora sangre)
de yawar: sangre
waqaq; el que llora

Also hidden in myths and uncertainties.

Yawar Waqaq, nispa:

"Challwakuna qelqaq kankuman, hatun qochataq tullpu kanman, waranqa wata qelqaspa, manan tukunkumanchu runakunaq awqayninta"

8. Wiraqocha (Inka) (rey, divinidad, salvador, dios)
de Wira: grasa, gordo, espuma
qocha: laguna, lago


Viracocha has been given the name of a god, and because of that he has been given many mythical great honors.
He is placed in many totally different situations, myths, stories and events that he couldnt have been a part of, and he, as the inca before him, got the mystical glory out of his mythical presence.

Viracocha temple peru

But we do not know, and cant claim that these Incas did not exist.
They probably have, but in different time and situations, and where the storytellers lacked information or knowledge, they put in mythical and mystical aspects.